If you are anything like me and love the Corgi dog breed, you may want to know more information about them. Specifically, the differences between the Cardigan Welsh Corgi and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. One of the most frequently asked questions regarding both breeds is do they have tails?
Having wondered this myself, I decided to conduct some research into the topic which I would like to share with you here today.
So, do corgis have tails? Both Cardigan and Pembroke corgis have tails. Cardigan Corgis are known for their long tails which touch the ground. Pembroke corgis on the other hand have short, curly tails that are typically docked when they are a few days old.
Breeders need to know the differences between the two breeds to identify them and understand each of their specific requirements.
Let’s discuss both breeds in more detail and explain more about their differences and similarities.
The Corgi Breeds
There are two distinct breeds of Welsh corgis: the Cardigan Welsh Corgi and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. They are considered distinct from each other because they originate from different ancestors.
Historically, the Cardigan Corgi comes from Celtic Norse settlers, while the Pembroke Corgi dates back to when Flemish weavers settled in Wales, around 1200 BCE.
The reason why they look so similar is due to cross-breeding in the 19th century, that took place in the respective namesakes; Pembrokeshire and Cardiganshire.
It wasn’t until 1934, that the two types acquired separate recognition, until then it was very stressful for breeders at dog shows, because a judge would favor one breed over another which led to a lot of strife.
Both Cardigan and Pembroke Corgis are strong, athletic and lively dogs with short powerful legs. They have an affectionate temperament, being companionable without being overtly needy.
They are also very intelligent, and are renowned for learning new things quickly and responding well to training.
Today, the most visual differences between the breeds are the ears (the Pembroke’s are pointed whereas the Cardi’s are rounded) and the tail.
Do Cardigan Corgis Have Tails?
Yes, Cardigan Corgis have tails, it is their most distinguishing feature, longer than their body height, which means that their tails touch the ground.
Another feature that is unique to cardigans, is their rounded ears. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is among the oldest dog breeds from Wales, it is believed that they come from the ancestors of the Dachshund, and have a recorded history from 3000 years ago.
Cardigan Corgis are the larger of the two breeds, their height generally doesn’t exceed 31.5 centimeters, their bodies are large in comparison to their short legs. They weigh 13.6-17.2 Kg in males, and 11.3-15.4 kg in females. There is an acceptable range of coat colors for Cardigans: sable, brindle and shades of red. They have a prominent bend in their front two legs, this is a feature that the Pembroke doesn’t have.
They have always been considered a herding dog in sheep and cattle farms, their short legs are an advantage because they can avoid getting injured by cattle, because they are close to the ground, Cardigans can easily nip at the feet of cattle to herd them. Cardigans make wonderful pets because they are highly intelligent, obedient and loyal, however, they are wary of strangers.
Do Pembroke Corgis Have Tails?
Pembroke’s are born with very short, curly, tails that are typically docked when they are a few days old. The ears are pointy compared to the roundness of the Cardigan’s ears. The common height for a Pembroke is 25-30 centimeters, the male breed weighs no more than 14 kg, while the female weighs 11 kg.
Pembroke’s come in a range of five color variations, of which three of those ( red, white, and sable ) have white marks, while two ( black-headed and red-headed ) come in tricolor. The length of their coat differs upon various parts of the body, the fur tends to be longer behind their fore and hind legs and they have more volume of fur on their neck, chest and shoulders.
The Pembroke Corgi is known for its’ high intelligence and is ranked the 11th smartest dog breed in the world. Similar to the Cardigan Corgi, the Pembroke makes a great herd dog, due to its’ small stature and short legs. They make great pets due to good nature, loyalty and high intelligence, they are generally very friendly with everybody including strangers.
The two breeds have similar median life spans, they tend to live until they reach 12 years of age. Canine cancer is usually the main cause of their death as well as old age.
According to a survey carried out by the Kennel Club Purebred Dog Health in 2004, the two breeds suffer from similar, health complications throughout their entire lives, however, Pembroke Welsh Corgis generally are more susceptible to different types of eye conditions compared to Cardigans. They both tend to have reproductive issues, such as having false pregnancies and needing Cesarean sections.
Because corgis were originally bred to be farm dogs, they do require a lot of daily exercise to be healthy.
They need at least one hour of activity a day, this helps to prevent boredom that often leads to behavioral issues. There are three main ways to ensure your corgi gets some much-needed exercise and that is:
- Taking them for daily walks.
- Providing purposeful activities – you could help to nurture their herding instincts by giving them a herding ball to play with or toys that move on their own.
- Provide mental stimulation – corgis are highly intelligent, with the Pembroke having the edge over the cardigan, involving them in dog puzzle toys are a great way to enrich their intelligence as well as keep them busy. They will also benefit from learning new tricks and commands.
Cardigan Corgis Vs Pembroke Corgis
Let’s take a look at some of the main similarities and differences between the two breeds of corgis.
- Both breeds were originally bred to be herd dogs on sheep and cattle farms.
- Both breeds make wonderful pets because they are loyal and obedient to their owners.
- Both breeds share a similar lifespan as well as some health complications, like canine cancer, arthritis, reproductive issues like having false pregnancies and requiring Cesarean sections.
- Both breeds require at least one hour of exercise and activity a day.
- The Cardigan Corgi is the oldest of the dog breeds, and its’ ancestors originate from Celtic Norse settlers, while the Pembroke Corgi, originates from an original breed that came from Flemish weavers.
- The Cardigan Corgi is larger and heavier than the Pembroke Corgi.
- The Cardigan Corgi has a tail that’s longer than the height of its’ body, while the Pembroke’s tail is docked when it is a few days old.
- The Pembroke Corgi is more intelligent than the Cardigan Corgi.
- The Cardigan Corgi has rounded ears, while the Pembroke has pointy ears.
- The Cardigan Corgi has a prominent bend in its’ front two legs, the Pembroke does not have this physical trait.
- Cardigan Corgis are wary of strangers compared to the Pembroke, who are generally friendly towards everybody.