Can Chickens Eat Cauliflower? [Is This Veg A Safe Scrap?]

Feeding your chickens a healthy balance of nutritious foods is undoubtedly key to ensuring their optimal health and well-being. Naturally, there may be some questions about what foods can be offered to chickens as part of their diet, including some of the more common vegetables. But what about cauliflower? Is this safe, or even beneficial to offer your flock? I delved into the research and will be sharing my findings here with you today.

So, can chickens eat cauliflower? Chickens can eat cauliflower as part of a nutritionally balanced diet. It can be offered as an occasional scrap but should never become a staple in the diet. Cauliflower can be given to chickens either raw or cooked and chickens can eat both the head (florets) and the leaves.

If you do decide to feed this cruciferous vegetable, remember this:

Be careful with how much cauliflower you offer in one serving; as too much can be hard for these birds to digest.

And at the same time, it is important to note that chickens cannot be fed a diet that only consists only of cauliflower, or vegetables for that matter.

Instead, cauliflower should be added to provide extra nutrition and variety.

Including it in an otherwise healthy diet of chicken feed and protein is the way to go.

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Let us now take a closer look at cauliflower and why it can be a good scrap to offer from time to time.

We will be taking a look at the nutritional benefits, alongside how you can feed it safely.

You’ll also discover some of the top foods to avoid so be sure to keep on reading until the very end!

Is Cauliflower Healthy for Chickens?

As with most scraps, cauliflower in moderation can be considered healthy for your chickens.

There are undoubtedly benefits that can be obtained from the vitamins and minerals in cauliflower but it is also important to offer your chicken a range of different foods to encourage and promote their optimal health from a dietary perspective.

Cauliflower is considered a healthy food for chickens because it is low in calories and high in minerals.

This means that this is a nutrient-rich food that is very low in fat so will not be harmful to your chicken in the sense that it will cause your chicken to gain excess weight and suffer from health issues related to obesity.

In fact, cauliflower contains nearly every mineral a chicken needs to be as healthy as possible including, calcium, iron, vitamin B-6, and vitamin C.

The calcium content in cauliflower, whilst not particularly high, is most definitely of great benefit to laying hens in particular.

Here’s a table with the Nutrition Facts for one medium-sized cup of cherries [100 Grams] according to USDA National Nutrient Database:

Nutrients (100 Grams)Amount (grams)
Water92 g
Carbohydrate 4.97 g
Protein1.92 g
Fat0.28 g
Vitamin C48.2 mcg
Vitamin K15.5 µg
Potassium299 mcg
Calcium22 mcg
Phosphorus44 mcg
Ca:P Ratio1:2
Source: USDA

What is important to note is that the majority of a chicken’s diet should come from commercially produced chicken feed.

This is balanced according to the dietary needs of chickens and should be available to them at all times throughout the day.

Offering different types of foods such a cauliflower is perfectly safe and healthy as a supplement to the main bulk of a chicken’s diet.

Any leftovers that you may have – including the cauliflower leaves – consider giving to your chickens!

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Can Chickens Eat Cauliflower Plant Leaves Too?

When we eat cauliflower, mostly, we will opt to eat the white florets, however, it is perfectly safe and healthy to consume the stem and the leaves too. The same can be said for chickens!

Many owners report that their chickens particularly enjoy the green, leafy parts of the cauliflower which are full of antioxidants.

If you are preparing cauliflower for a meal, putting aside the leafy parts of the vegetable that you are not using to feed to your chickens is a great alternative to throwing them away or composting them.  

How To Feed Chickens Cauliflower

Chickens can eat raw or cooked cauliflower. If you are thinking about giving your chickens cooked cauliflower, it is best to offer plain boiled cauliflower. Be sure to let it cool before serving.

Raw cauliflower has a firm, yet crumbly texture. You may find that your chicken enjoys pecking at the raw florets and stems.

You should also offer your chicken raw cauliflower leaves as, among the other benefits, the leaves can be quite hydrating.

Cooked (boiled) cauliflower tends to be soft in texture and, due to the way it has been prepared, is also quite hydrating.

Offer your chickens cauliflower alongside their regular feed. Any vegetables that you give your chickens should be to supplement the nutritionally balanced chicken feed that you provide.

Be sure to remove any left-over fresh vegetables at the end of each day from your chicken’s enclosure to avoid them rotting, causing the excess smell, or attracting vermin.

Although, due to the fact that generally, chickens tend to particularly enjoy cauliflower – there are unlikely to be lots of leftovers!

As with any vegetable that you are giving to your chickens, you can leave it in their enclosure for them to snack on or you can offer it to them by hand.

Foods Chickens Should Not Eat

A chicken’s diet should primarily be made up of commercially produced chicken feed that has been nutritionally balanced by industry experts. This feed should make up around 90% of your birds’ diet.

The further 10% should comprise greens, vegetables, fruit, and other household scraps.

It is important that these fresh elements of a chicken’s diet are given and replaced daily as a chicken should never eat moldy or rotten food.

Chickens should not ever eat moldy or rotten food as this can cause all sorts of health issues including sickness and disease.

Refresh and replace fresh food daily to avoid this.

Foods that we may enjoy as a treat, like chocolate, coffee, crisps, or sweets are also on the no-go list for chickens and should not be given to them.

These foods offer very little in terms of nutrition to your chicken and are in fact very hard to digest for them. This can lead to excess weight gain and gut-related health issues.

There are compounds in chocolate that are toxic to many household pets and animals, including chickens. So chocolate, whilst a tasty treat for us humans, should not be fed to chickens at all.

Avoiding feeding junk food to your chicken should not come as a surprise, however, there are some ‘healthy’ foods that you should also avoid feeding to your chicken.

These include:

  • Raw beans,
  • Green potatoes,
  • Green tomatoes,
  • Avocados.

There are certain properties in these veggies that mean that you should avoid feeding them to your chickens as they can cause digestive issues and even cause illness for your bird.

Raw beans contain a toxin called phytohemagglutinin that is a sugar-binging lectin.

Raw beans can be toxic unless cooked properly so we would advise feeding your chicken beans at all.

Green potatoes and tomatoes also contain a toxin. The toxin contained by these vegetables when green is called solanine and is harmful to chickens.

Avocados should also be avoided in the diet of your chicken. The skin and stone of avocados contain fungicidal toxin called persin that is so toxic to chickens it can cause death.

Foods That Are Good For Chickens

There are many foods that chickens can safely eat and enjoy including:

  • Vegetables,
  • Fruits,
  • Grains,
  • Herbs.

As a general rule, your chicken can enjoy healthy food scraps left over from your household.

The nutritional and hydrating benefits of many different fruits and vegetables make them a healthy option that is good for your chicken. Cauliflower is included in this.

Many owners provide anecdotal evidence of their chickens thoroughly enjoying fruits such as blackberries, strawberries, apples, melon, and grapes!

Providing fresh fruits and vegetables alongside your chicken’s feed is a great way of ensuring a healthy diet.

In Summary

Chickens can and do eat cauliflower.

Both the cauliflower head and the green leaves are healthy options to feed your chicken and many owners report that their birds particularly enjoy this vegetable.

Giving your chicken fresh veggies and fruit alongside their chicken feed makes for an incredibly healthy diet for your pet.

The nutrients and vitamins in cauliflower make it a particularly good option.

The fact that cauliflower contains calcium is of great benefit to laying hens and the small amount of protein is also beneficial.

If you have any leftover cauliflower, consider feeding it to your chickens!

Related Questions

Can Chickens Eat Cauliflower Cheese?

Chickens can only handle a small amount of cauliflower cheese before they encounter digestive issues. For this reason, it is best avoided. Cauliflower cheese is made from cheese, milk, and butter; three dairy products that are rich and hard on a chicken’s digestive system. Diarrhea is common in birds fed too much dairy. It can even be toxic in large enough amounts.